How to mock void methods with Mockito

2021-6-3 anglehua

How to mock methods with void return type?

I implemented an observer pattern but I can't mock it with Mockito because I don't know how.

And I tried to find an example on the Internet but didn't succeed.

My class looks like this:

public class World {

    List<Listener> listeners;

    void addListener(Listener item) {
        listeners.add(item);
    }

    void doAction(Action goal,Object obj) {
        setState("i received");
        goal.doAction(obj);
        setState("i finished");
    }

    private string state;
    //setter getter state
} 

public class WorldTest implements Listener {

    @Test public void word{
    World  w= mock(World.class);
    w.addListener(this);
    ...
    ...

    }
}

interface Listener {
    void doAction();
}

The system is not triggered with mock.

I want to show the above-mentioned system state. And make assertions according to them.


Take a look at the Mockito API docs. As the linked document mentions (Point # 12) you can use any of the doThrow(),doAnswer(),doNothing(),doReturn() family of methods from Mockito framework to mock void methods.

For example,

Mockito.doThrow(new Exception()).when(instance).methodName();

or if you want to combine it with follow-up behavior,

Mockito.doThrow(new Exception()).doNothing().when(instance).methodName();

Presuming that you are looking at mocking the setter setState(String s) in the class World below is the code uses doAnswer method to mock the setState.

World mockWorld = mock(World.class); 
doAnswer(new Answer<Void>() {
    public Void answer(InvocationOnMock invocation) {
      Object[] args = invocation.getArguments();
      System.out.println("called with arguments: " + Arrays.toString(args));
      return null;
    }
}).when(mockWorld).setState(anyString());


I think I've found a simpler answer to that question, to call the real method for just one method (even if it has a void return) you can do this:

Mockito.doCallRealMethod().when(<objectInstance>).<method>();
<objectInstance>.<method>();

Or, you could call the real method for all methods of that class, doing this:

<Object> <objectInstance> = mock(<Object>.class, Mockito.CALLS_REAL_METHODS);


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