How do I save a String to a text file using Java?

2021-6-3 anglehua

In Java, I have text from a text field in a String variable called "text".

How can I save the contents of the "text" variable to a file?


If you're simply outputting text, rather than any binary data, the following will work:

PrintWriter out = new PrintWriter("filename.txt");

Then, write your String to it, just like you would to any output stream:

out.println(text);

You'll need exception handling, as ever. Be sure to call out.close() when you've finished writing.

If you are using Java 7 or later, you can use the "try-with-resources statement" which will automatically close your PrintStream when you are done with it (ie exit the block) like so:

try (PrintWriter out = new PrintWriter("filename.txt")) {
    out.println(text);
}

You will still need to explicitly throw the java.io.FileNotFoundException as before.



Apache Commons IO contains some great methods for doing this, in particular FileUtils contains the following method:

static void writeStringToFile(File file, String data) 

which allows you to write text to a file in one method call:

FileUtils.writeStringToFile(new File("test.txt"), "Hello File");

You might also want to consider specifying the encoding for the file as well.



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