Making a mocked method return an argument that was passed to it

2021-6-3 anglehua

Consider a method signature like:

public String myFunction(String abc);

Can Mockito help return the same string that the method received?


You can create an Answer in Mockito. Let's assume, we have an interface named Application with a method myFunction.

public interface Application {
  public String myFunction(String abc);
}

Here is the test method with a Mockito answer:

public void testMyFunction() throws Exception {
  Application mock = mock(Application.class);
  when(mock.myFunction(anyString())).thenAnswer(new Answer<String>() {
    @Override
    public String answer(InvocationOnMock invocation) throws Throwable {
      Object[] args = invocation.getArguments();
      return (String) args[0];
    }
  });

  assertEquals("someString",mock.myFunction("someString"));
  assertEquals("anotherString",mock.myFunction("anotherString"));
}

Since Mockito 1.9.5 and Java 8, you can also use a lambda expression:

when(myMock.myFunction(anyString())).thenAnswer(i -> i.getArguments()[0]);


If you have Mockito 1.9.5 or higher, there is a new static method that can make the Answer object for you. You need to write something like

import static org.mockito.Mockito.when;
import static org.mockito.AdditionalAnswers.returnsFirstArg;

when(myMock.myFunction(anyString())).then(returnsFirstArg());

or alternatively

doAnswer(returnsFirstArg()).when(myMock).myFunction(anyString());

Note that the returnsFirstArg() method is static in the AdditionalAnswers class, which is new to Mockito 1.9.5; so you'll need the right static import.



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