Convert InputStream to byte array in Java

2021-6-3 anglehua

How do I read an entire InputStream into a byte array?

You can use Apache Commons IO to handle this and similar tasks.

The IOUtils type has a static method to read an InputStream and return a byte[].

InputStream is;
byte[] bytes = IOUtils.toByteArray(is);

Internally this creates a ByteArrayOutputStream and copies the bytes to the output, then calls toByteArray(). It handles large files by copying the bytes in blocks of 4KiB.

You need to read each byte from your InputStream and write it to a ByteArrayOutputStream.

You can then retrieve the underlying byte array by calling toByteArray():

InputStream is = ...
ByteArrayOutputStream buffer = new ByteArrayOutputStream();

int nRead;
byte[] data = new byte[16384];

while ((nRead =, 0, data.length)) != -1) {
  buffer.write(data, 0, nRead);

return buffer.toByteArray();


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